thick layer of glacial ice that covers a large area of land. Ireland, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. The most spectacular portion is the North Central massifs; these form the roof of Ethiopia, with elevations… The differences in climate, terrain, and natural resources provide for a diversity of economic activities that influence cultural development within the European community. It is also the home to the birth of democracy. Europe's rich agricultural and industrial diversity has made the continent a center of commerce and culture for centuries. Join our community of educators and receive the latest information on National Geographic's resources for you and your students. The country is noted for a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the Gaelic language. All of the British Isles and the Low Countries, northern Spain, most of France and the westernmost half of Germany fall under the marine west coast climate … Western Europe is closer to the North Pole C. of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean … (2010) Europe is the second-smallest continent. These old fold mountains in the north and north-west extend from Norway and Sweden to Scotland. The three major physical land features of Western Europe are Great European Plain, the Central Uplands, and the Alpine mountain system. Culturally, the Highlands and the Lowlands diverged from the later Middle Ages into the modern period, when Lowland Scots replaced Scottish Gaelic throughout most of the Lowlands. It is bordered by Mexico to the north and west; by Belize and the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) to the northeast; by Honduras to the east; by El Salvador to the southeast and by the Pacific Ocean to the south. Europes highest peak, Mount Elbrus (5,642 meters/18,510 feet), is in the Caucasus mountains of Russia. Environmental and economic factors affect population density, distribution and structure. Europe is a peninsula of the Eurasian supercontinent and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south. Coordinates: 57°30′N 5°0′W / 57.500°N 5.000°W / 57.500; -5.000 The Northwest Highlands are located in the northern third of Scotland that is separated from the Grampian Mountains by the Great Glen. Europe extends from the island nation of Iceland in the west to the Ural Mountains of Russia in the east. ... B. In geography, a cape is a headland or a promontory of large size extending into a body of water, usually the sea. ; Miller, Peter O. Geography: Realms Regions and Concepts 10 th edition. The state lies close to both the geographic and population centres of the Western Hemisphere, in a position that not only commands one entrance to the Gulf of Mexico but also overlooks a strategic crossroads between North and South America and historic routes to the European and Mediterranean worlds. long, narrow ocean inlet between steep slopes. The highest mountain in Europe is Mount Elbrus, a mountian in the Caucasus with a height of 18,510 feet above sea level. "Exploring Your World: The Adventure of Geography." process of a glacier carving out a landscape. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. Europe is a wealthy continent and is the center of the West and Western Democracy. Europe itself has many smaller peninsulas, so it is sometimes called a “peninsula of peninsulas.” Because of these peninsulas, most locations in Europe are no more than 300 miles from an ocean or sea. The cold water surrounding northern Britain and Scandinavia is home to unique species of cold-water corals. 1. Other important world mountain ranges include the Pyrenees, Tian Shan, Transantarctic Mountains, Atlas, and the Carpathians. Mont Blanc (French –Italian border) Europe an opening in the Earth's crust, through which lava, ash, and gases erupt, and also the cone built by eruptions. marine algae. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. If we compare Europe’s position on a globe with that of the contiguous United States, we see that much of Europe lies north of the United States. The Danube cuts through the heart of Europe from west to east. These are the Western Highlands, the Western Lowlands, the Eastern Highlands, the Eastern Lowlands, and the Rift Valley. The western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. The countries in Northern and Western Europe are representative democracies and according to the Freedom in the World report published by Freedom House in 2017, all of them are among the top 30 countries in terms of political rights and civil liberties; Finland, Norway, and Sweden scoring the highest all around the world. The North-West Europe Campaign of 1940, during the Battle of France, was restricted to Belgium and the French Channel ports. In addition, Finland, Switzerland, and Austria are also frequently considered Northwestern Europe. The region also has a strong history of Protestantism that differentiates it from its Mediterranean / Southern European / Latin and Eastern European / Slavic neighbours. The region can be defined both geographically and ethnographically. Dunn, Margery G. (Editor). Population concentrations are mostly to the north. ecosystem filled with trees and underbrush. Sissons, 1979a, Benn et al., 1992, Bennett and Boulton, 1993, Benn and Ballantyne, 2005, Lukas and Bradwell, 2010, Finlayson et al., 2011, Boston et al., 2015).Such evidence … d) It has historically functioned as a barrier to contact and communication due to its marshy conditions conditions that surround and influence an organism or community. Geographical and historical treatment of Canada, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its people, economy, and government. Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. Describe the major features of north -western highlands of Europe in geography 1 See answer kamaljeetsingh923 is waiting for your help. The Apennines are a mountain range extending from northern to southern Italy for approximately 600 miles (1,000 kilometers). a group of closely scattered islands in a large body of water. having parts or molecules that are packed closely together. The Equator, or line of 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. As it turns out, to really get a good understand of the full meaning of our ethnicity results, we have to do a little exploration of geography and history. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. All rights reserved. A. Eurasia is a larger continent B. The north west high lands are the northern third of scotland which is separated from the Grampians mountains tramwayniceix and 15 more users found this answer helpful 2.9 (8 votes) Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. Europe is the western peninsula of the giant "supercontinent" of Eurasia. AN OVERVIEW OF THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICA . The tundra, found in Iceland and the northern reaches of Scandinavia and Russia, is a treeless region where small mosses, lichens, and ferns grow. [26], Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northwestern_Europe&oldid=1000179768, Europe articles missing geocoordinate data, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 00:06. Touching 9 countries over its 1,771-mile length, the Danube River links Europeans to the Black Sea. Each represents a different physical part of … The Western Uplands is defined by hard, ancient rock that was shaped by glaciation. available supply of materials, goods, or services. 1145 17th Street NW Author of The Boundaries of the Canadian Confederation and others. Central Africa’s most famous national park, Virunga National Park in Congo (Kinshasa), is home to elephants, lions, hippopotamuses, warthogs, forest hogs, okapis, and mountain gorillas on the volcano slopes. The Ural Mountains run north to south in western Russia. The Alpine region also includes active volcanoes, such as Mount Etna and Mount Vesuvius in Italy. Many other European rivers flow from the interior to the sea and are large enough for ships to traverse. 1. However, most geographers … introduction of harmful materials into the environment. National Geographic Headquarters Asia is the largest of the world’s continents, covering approximately 30 percent of the Earth’s land area. Mitchell, North Carolina, US (highest peak of Appalachian Mountains) North America. Biology, Ecology, Earth Science, Geology, Geography, Physical Geography. On a map you will see that Europe is a large peninsula stretching to the west of Asia. Appalachian Mountains. Establishing fishing limits, protecting threatened habitats, and encouraging sustainable consumption habits are some efforts supported by European conservationists. all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area. However, after facing the erosive action of glaciers for millions of years, they have been reduced to low hills with gentle slopes. Explain how Europe’s physical geography has supported its development. World Regional Geography: People, Places and Globalization. The region comprises Wester Ross, Assynt, Sutherland and part of Caithness. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. West Asia occasionally overlaps with the geographical area of the Middle East. The four main landforms include the Alpine region, Central Uplands, Northern Lowlands, and Western Highlands. Most of the Great European Plain lies below 152 meters (500 feet) in elevation. Northwestern Europe, or Northwest Europe, is a loosely defined subregion of Europe, overlapping Northern and Western Europe. piece of land jutting into a body of water. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. v. 1.0. This plain is ringed almost completely by coastal … Africa straddles the equator, having an almost equal south and north extent. type of plant or animal that is not indigenous to a particular area and causes economic or environmental harm. Kara West. Western UplandsThe Western Uplands, also known as the Northern Highlands, curve up the western edge of Europe and define the physical landscape of Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, and Denmark), Finland, Iceland, Scotland, Ireland, the Brittany region of France, Spain, and Portugal. The forests and grasslands of western and central Europe have been almost completely domesticated, with crops and livestock dominant.Finally, small, drought-resistant plants border the Mediterranean Sea, Europes southern edge. Melissa McDaniel process in which there is an increase in the number of people living and working in a city or metropolitan area. However, in geography, West Asia refers to the regions of Mesopotamia, Levant, Anatolia, the Armenian Highlands, Iran, Arabian Peninsula, South Caucasus, and the Sinai Peninsula. [18][19][20][21][22][23] Under this racialist view, all of the Germanic countries and areas such as northern France, which historically contains large numbers of people of Gaulish, Norman, and Germanic Frankish descent, would be included as Northwestern Europe, due in part to the predominance of phenotypically Nordic people within these areas.[17][24][25]. Western Europe is closer to the North Pole C. of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf stream D. there are no high mountains in Western Europe 3. Western Europe is the region of Europe farthest from Asia, with the countries and territories included varying depending on context.. Only after the beginning of the foreign conquests of the Age of Discovery, the autonomous discourse of "Europe" as "the West" began to protractedly detach itself from the unifying narrative of "Christendom", the hitherto dominant identity system in the area, in which was … Western Europe can be divided into a number of smaller geographic regions, including northern Europe, southern Europe, Central Europe, and the British Isles. Also called boreal forest. 1. Its easternmost country is Russia, which spans Europe … Geographically, Northwestern Europe usually consists of the United Kingdom, the Republic of Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Northern France, Northern Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Iceland. The Gulf Stream originates in the Gulf of Mexico, where the waters are warmed. List Europe’s various natural resources. The Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats border the Deccan plateau on its eastern and western sides respectively. Italy is a Mediterranean country located in southern Europe. Last Updated: ... reflecting the country’s history as ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. b) It is the most densely populated of Europe's landscape regions. c) It does not include southeastern England. Asia makes up the eastern portion of the Eurasian supercontinent; Europe occupies the western portion.The border between the two continents is debated. region and name for some countries in Northern Europe: Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark. The North West Highlands: These highlands in the west are composed of deep valleys, plains, plateaus and rugged mountains. The name West Asia or Western Asia is occasionally used only for grouping countries for statistical purposes and sometimes used in place of the political name of the Middle East. Its westernmost country is Iceland, which is located on the Mid-Atlantic ridge west of the Norwegian Sea. Europe has been the home to a variety of civilizations including Ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. A fjord is a long and narrow inlet of the sea that is surrounded by high, rugged cliffs. Tim Gunther, Illustrator, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing It is a fold mountain with rich in mineral resources. Part A: The four physiographic regions of Europe are the European Lowlands, Alpine System, Central Uplands, Western Highlands. This region is sparsely populated except in the Rhine, Rhne, Elbe, and Danube river valleys.Alpine MountainsThe Alpine Mountains include ranges in the Italian and Balkan peninsulas, northern Spain, and southern France. © 1996 - 2021 National Geographic Society. A peninsula is a piece of land surrounded by water on three sides. Finland, Southern Germany, Switzerland, and Austria are also often considered part of Northwestern Europe. A body of water 18,510 feet above sea level of biomes in west! 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