Scientific Name: Solanum melongena Family Name: Solanaceae The eggplant is a warm season (frost intolerant) perennial that is grown as an annual and requires a longer growing season than its relatives tomato or pepper. Table: Host plants of the Tomato potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Hemiptera: Triozidae) from Plant-SyNZ database (5 December 2016). Join now. The common name comes from D. antongilii's bright red color.When threatened, a tomato frog puffs up its body. What is the scientific name of tomato? [12] As a true fruit, it develops from the ovary of the plant after fertilization, its flesh comprising the pericarp walls. It originated in the western parts of South and Central America. Lanini (emeritus), Plant Sciences, UC Davis. W.T. These varieties are usually known for their place of origin as much as by a variety name. [48][49], Evidence has been found that 10–20% of the total carbon fixed in the fruit can be produced by photosynthesis in the developing fruit of the normal U phenotype. The tomato is the edible berry of the plant Solanum lycopersicum, commonly known as a tomato plant. Much of the confusion about whether a tomato is a fruit or vegetable comes from the common culinary applications for tomatoes. Image from: Medical News Today Also known as anglophone, aubergine, brinjal, or in the Philippines “talong”, … Fruit red color, fruit/plant 30-35,average fruit weight 50g,yield/plant 1.5 kg/plant, skin of fruit thick and rigid, life time 90 days. Some members of the nightshade family are poisonous, but many are edible. Acknowledgement for Contributions to Weeds Prior to general introduction of this trait, most tomatoes produced more sugar during ripening, and were sweeter and more flavorful. [citation needed] Tomatoes were grown mainly as ornamentals early on after their arrival in Italy. The tomato is now grown and eaten around the world. The name tomato may have been derived from the Aztec word tomatl (which really means tomatillo). [81][full citation needed] It yielded thousands of tomatoes at one time from a single vine. Author has 51 answers and 108.9K answer views The name of the tomato in the scientific is Solanum lycopersicum. [28], The exact date of domestication is unknown; by 500 BC, it was already being cultivated in southern Mexico and probably other areas. Possibly, some people continued to think tomatoes were poisonous at this time; and in general, they were grown more as ornamental plants than as food. In 1870, Livingston introduced the Paragon, and tomato culture soon became a great enterprise in the county. G. Miyao (emeritus), UC Cooperative Extension Yolo County. A rad51 homolog is present in the anther of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum),[72] suggesting that recombinational repair occurs during meiosis in tomato. ", "From the Great Ketchup Wars to combating human trafficking: the silly and the serious private members' bills of 2016", "Genetically modified food from crops: progress, pawns, and possibilities", "The Chemical Interactions Underlying Tomato Flavor Preferences", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tomato&oldid=998338338, Crops originating from indigenous Americans, Articles with self-published sources from February 2010, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2010, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Classical Nahuatl-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2018, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2010, Articles with incomplete citations from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 23:02. Indeterminate types are "tender" perennials, dying annually in temperate climates (they are originally native to tropical highlands), although they can live up to three years in a greenhouse in some cases. The stems are covered in coarse hairs and the leaves are arranged spirally. These efforts have resulted in significant regionally adapted breeding lines and hybrids, such as the Mountain series from North Carolina. Linkage drag describes the introduction of an undesired trait or allele into a plant during backcrossing. [85], Tomatoes that are not yet ripe can be kept in a paper bag till ripening.[86]. Small amounts of tomato foliage are sometimes used for flavoring without ill effect, and the green fruit of unripe red tomato varieties is sometimes used for cooking, particularly as fried green tomatoes. [40], Alexander W. Livingston receives much credit for developing numerous varieties of tomato for both home and commercial gardeners. Vegetables—Variety. [citation needed] In this capacity, it has even become an American and British slang term: saying "/təˈmeɪtoʊ təˈmɑːtoʊ/" when presented with two choices can mean "What's the difference?" Habit: Solanum lycopersicum (tomato); habit. They were not part of the average person's diet, and though by 1820 they were described as "to be seen in great abundance in all our vegetable markets" and to be "used by all our best cooks", reference was made to their cultivation in gardens still "for the singularity of their appearance", while their use in cooking was associated with exotic Italian or Jewish cuisine.[36]. These are Solanum lycopersicum and Lycopersicon lycopersicum . The earliest discussion of the tomato in European literature appeared in a herbal written in 1544 by Pietro Andrea Mattioli, an Italian physician and botanist, who suggested that a new type of eggplant had been brought to Italy that was blood red or golden color when mature and could be divided into segments and eaten like an eggplant—that is, cooked and seasoned with salt, black pepper, and oil. 1 Answer. Tomato juice has been the official beverage of Ohio since 1965. [99][100] The bill did not pass in the legislature and no official designations were made.[101]. Watch Queue Queue. If you want to search a specific name, you may use the search box below. It was regarded with suspicion as a food because botanists recognized it as a nightshade, a relative of the poisonous belladonna. Tomato, Lycopersicum esculentum (syn. Unique varieties were developed over the next several hundred years for uses such as dried tomatoes, sauce tomatoes, pizza tomatoes, and tomatoes for long-term storage. esculentum: Common Name: tomato: Family: Solanaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Solanaceae Family (Thumbnails): Capsicum spp. These names are important because they allow people throughout the world to communicate unambiguously about animal species. ©Forest & Kim Starr-2009 - CC BY 3.0 [citation needed]. [citation needed], Although in culinary terms, tomato is regarded as a vegetable, its fruit is classified botanically as a berry. (5-8 cm) intervals. Every recognized species on earth (at least in theory) is given a two-part scientific name. Log in. The U.S. Supreme Court settled this controversy on May 10, 1893, by declaring that the tomato is a vegetable, based on the popular definition that classifies vegetables by use—they are generally served with dinner and not dessert (Nix v. Hedden (149 U.S. 304)). Learn how your comment data is processed. The largest tomato plant grown was of the cultivar "Sungold" and reached 19.8 m (65 ft) in length, grown by Nutriculture Ltd (UK) of Mawdesley, Lancashire, UK, in 2000. Originating in America, the tomato was spread around the world following the Spanish colonisation of the Americas. On the other hand, hybrids of tomato and diploid potato can be created in the lab by somatic fusion, and are partially fertile,[19] providing evidence of the close relationship between these species. Comments are closed. They are called heirloom tomatoes because they have been replaced with a … The C.M. [1][18] Both names, however, will probably be found in the literature for some time. Heirloom tomatoes are what once were tomatoes. The scientific name for tomato is Lycopersicon esculentum. As a floral device to reduce selfing, the pistil of wild tomatoes extends farther out of the flower than today's cultivars. Hydroponic technique is often used in hostile growing environments, as well as high-density plantings. In France, Italy and northern Europe, the tomato was initially grown as an ornamental plant. info), meaning 'fat water' or 'fat thing'). They belong to the family Solanaceae, or the nightshade family. [64] These plants may also subtly affect the flavor of tomato fruit. UC IPM Pest Management Guidelines: Tomato UC ANR Publication 3470. Additionally, both toxic and inedible varieties discouraged many people from attempting to consume or prepare any other varieties. Scientific Name of Tomato, [29]:17 Gerard's Herbal, published in 1597, and largely plagiarized from continental sources,[29]:17 is also one of the earliest discussions of the tomato in England. [51][52] However, these breeding efforts have yielded unintended negative consequences on various tomato fruit attributes. [87] However, solanine concentrations in foliage and green fruit are generally too small to be dangerous unless large amounts are consumed—for example, as greens. Compared to potatoes, the amount of solanine in unripe green or fully ripe tomatoes is low. [42][43], When Livingston began his attempts to develop the tomato as a commercial crop, his aim had been to grow tomatoes smooth in contour, uniform in size, and sweet in flavor. Photo uplifted from: BBC Tomato, also known in the Philippines as kamatis, is a plant with an edible, usually red berry. For example, Pomodorino del Piennolo del Vesuvio is the "hanging tomato of Vesuvius" or the Pomodoro di Pachino and Pomodorino di Manduria. The hormone was first identified in tomatoes, but similar proteins have been identified in other species since.[60]. Ripe tomatoes contain significant umami flavor and they are a key ingredient in pizza, and are commonly used in pasta sauces. Actually, there is no single scientific name for a plum tomato. the second name will depend entirly on what type of tomato plant you are talking about. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). After the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the Spanish distributed the tomato throughout their colonies in the Caribbean. Notes on Scientific Names of Plants, Fruits & Vegetables. In addition, a deformity called cat-facing can be caused by pests, temperature stress, or poor soil conditions. Tomato plants are vines, initially decumbent, typically growing 180 cm (6 ft) or more above the ground if supported, although erect bush varieties have been bred, generally 100 cm (3 ft 3 in) tall or shorter. "[33], Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés may have been the first to transfer the small yellow tomato to Europe after he captured the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan, now Mexico City, in 1521. Tomatoes were not grown in England until the 1590s. [70], This is not the same as self-pollination, despite the common claim that tomatoes do so. Greenhouse tomato production in large-acreage commercial greenhouses and owner-operator stand-alone or multiple-bay greenhouses is on the increase, providing fruit during those times of the year when field-grown fruit is not readily available. In 1881, it is described as only eaten in the region "within the last forty years". [10], The leaves are 10–25 cm (4–10 in) long, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles,[11] each leaflet up to 8 cm (3 in) long, with a serrated margin; both the stem and leaves are densely glandular-hairy. Watch Queue Queue READ ALSO: What Is the Scientific Name Of Onion? [80], A massive "tomato tree" growing inside the Walt Disney World Resort's experimental greenhouses in Lake Buena Vista, Florida may have been the largest single tomato plant in the world. A-Z sorted by Scientific Names | A-Z sorted by Common Names | A-Z sorted by Family. People used to think tomatoes were poisonous because they are a close relative to the deadly night shade plant. Log in. This trait/allele is physically linked (or is very close) to the desired allele along the chromosome. OTHER NAME(S): Extrait de Tomate, Love Apple, Lycopersicon esculentum, Pomme d'Amour, Pomme d'Or, Raktamaci, Solanum lycopersicum, Tamatar, Tomate, Tomato Fruit. However, the tomato is considered a "culinary vegetable" because it has a much lower sugar content than culinary fruits; it is typically served as part of a salad or main course of a meal, rather than as a dessert. [44], Because of the long growing season needed for this heat-loving crop, several states in the US Sun Belt became major tomato-producers, particularly Florida and California. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Tomate cherry. July, 2009. [66] Marigolds also repel nematodes.[67][68][69]. [71] The anther of a tomato flower is shaped like a hollow tube, with the pollen produced within the structure, rather than on the surface, as in most species. [97], On 30 August 2007, 40,000 Spaniards gathered in Buñol to throw 115,000 kg (254,000 lb) of tomatoes at each other in the yearly Tomatina festival. Tomatoes that have been modified using genetic engineering have been developed, and although none are commercially available now, they have been in the past. The holding of this case applies only to the interpretation of the Tariff of 1883, and the court did not purport to reclassify the tomato for botanical or other purposes. Bookmark Like 1 Dislike 0 ⚐ Report. It is also a fruit which is considered a culinary vegetable since it has a much lower sugar content than other culinary fruits. The second part, or the specific name, identifies the exact species to which the organism falls under, within the genus. The name "Rotten Tomatoes" derives from the practice of audiences throwing rotten tomatoes when disapproving of a poor stage performance. solanumlycopersicium solanumlycopersicium 22.09.2018 Science Junior High School What is the scientific name of tomato 1 See answer [95] In a scientific review of potential claims for lycopene favorably affecting DNA, skin exposed to ultraviolet radiation, heart function and vision, the European Food Safety Authority concluded that the evidence for lycopene having any of these effects was inconclusive. [25], The Tomato Genetic Resource Center, Germplasm Resources Information Network, AVRDC, and numerous seed banks around the world store seed representing genetic variations of value to modern agriculture. plsssssssssss i need it today... Update: plssssss ineed it today!!! [32] Bernardino de Sahagún mentioned Aztecs cooking various sauces, some with and without tomatoes of different sizes, serving them in city markets: "foods sauces, hot sauces; fried [food], olla-cooked [food], juices, sauces of juices, shredded [food] with chile (Chili pepper), with squash (plant) seeds (most likely Cucurbita pepo), with tomatoes, with smoked chile, with hot chile, with yellow chile, with mild red chile sauce, yellow chile sauce, hot chile sauce, with "bird excrement" sauce, sauce of smoked chile, heated [sauces], bean sauce; [he sells] toasted beans, cooked beans, mushroom sauce, sauce of small squash, sauce of large tomatoes, sauce of ordinary tomatoes, sauce of various kinds of sour herbs, avocado sauce. Potato is almost universally called Solanum tuberosum. All lower taxonomy nodes (1) Common name i: Tomato: Synonym i: Lycopersicon esculentum: Other names i ›Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Lycopersicum esculentum is the scientific name of tomato. These vary, among cultivated species, according to type. Flavr Savr was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food licensed for human consumption.[102]. Affected fruit usually remains edible, but its appearance may be unsightly. The tomato was introduced to China, likely via the Philippines or Macau, in the 1500s. The scientific name of Cherry Tomato is the botanical name or formal name. [23] The genomes of its mitochondria and chloroplasts are also being sequenced as part of the project. The following are ranked with the pesticides having the greatest IPM value listed first—the most effective and least harmful to natural enemies, honey bees, and the environment are at the top of the table. In 1768, Philip Miller moved it to its own genus, naming it Lycopersicon esculentum. Foods. . [51], Breeders have turned to using wild tomato species as a source of alleles for the introduction of beneficial traits into modern tomato varieties. 2022 Elections: Are these Politicians Running for President/Vice President? However, the ripe fruit contains no tomatine. For instance, linkage drag is a phenomenon that has been responsible for alterations in the metabolism of the tomato fruit. Gerard knew the tomato was eaten in Spain and Italy. Tomatoes keep best unwashed at room temperature and out of direct sunlight. 1,527 scientific name of beans products are offered for sale by suppliers on Alibaba.com A wide variety of scientific name of beans options are available to you, There are 28 suppliers who sells scientific name of beans on Alibaba.com, mainly located in Asia. Besides cosmetic damage, the splits may allow decay to start, although growing fruits have some ability to heal after a split. That tomatoes pollinate themselves poorly without outside aid is clearly shown in greenhouse situations, where pollination must be aided by artificial wind, vibration of the plants (one brand of vibrator is a wand called an "electric bee" that is used manually), or more often today, by cultured bumblebees. The flowers are 1–2 cm (1⁄2–3⁄4 in) across, yellow, with five pointed lobes on the corolla; they are borne in a cyme of three to 12 together. The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. The generic name or the initial part of the name highlights the genus to which an organism belongs to. [82] Tomatoes stored cold tend to lose their flavor permanently. Yong Huang, Epcot's manager of agricultural science, discovered the unique plant in Beijing, China. What is the scientific name of tomato - 1858962 1. Add your answer and earn points. These hairs facilitate the vining process, turning into roots wherever the plant is in contact with the ground and moisture, especially if the vine's connection to its original root has been damaged or severed. The tomato is now cultivated world-wide in a variety of environments. [6] Dyscophus is the only genus in subfamily Dyscophinae.They are endemic to Madagascar. [29]:15, The Aztecs raised several varieties of tomato, with red tomatoes called xictomatl and green tomatoes called tomatl (Tomatillo). Datura stramonium; Lycopersicon esculentum var. Like 0 Dislike 0 ⚐ Report. However, even in areas where the climate supported growing tomatoes, their habit of growing to the ground suggested low status. [52][53], The tomato is grown worldwide for its edible fruits, with thousands of cultivars. This video is unavailable. Like this answer? Asked by: Karthika on Nov 6, 2015. ', CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak, "Umami: why the fifth taste is so important", "Are there different types of tomato leaves? The binomial name of onion is Solanum lycopersicum. What is the Scientific Name of Tomato? This ambivalence is still reflected in the tomato’s scientific name, Lycopersicon esculentum, which translates to “edible wolf peach.” That name was settled on in 1768. Vegetable Science Multiple Choice Questions are very important sets of objective Questions. The leaves, stem, and green unripe fruit of the tomato plant contain small amounts of the alkaloid tomatine, whose effect on humans has not been studied. [27] The leaves and immature fruit contains tomatine, which in large quantities would be toxic. [42] Today, the crop is grown in every state in the Union. Tomato, also known in the Philippines as kamatis, is a plant with an edible, usually red berry. 1 decade ago. As tomatoes were moved from their native areas, their traditional pollinators, (probably a species of halictid bee) did not move with them. Several species of umbellifer are therefore often grown with tomato plants, including parsley, Queen Anne's lace, and occasionally dill. The Spanish first introduced tomatoes to Europe, where they became used in Spanish food. Answered by: Arpita K. from Kolkata The scientific name for tomato is Solanum lycopersicum. In a 100 gram amount, raw tomatoes supply 18 calories and are a moderate source of vitamin C (17% of the Daily Value), but otherwise are absent of significant nutrient content (table). The Nahuatl (the language used by the Aztecs) word tomatl gave rise to the Spanish word tomate, from which the English word tomato derived. It was given the name fānqié (barbarian eggplant), as the Chinese named many foodstuffs introduced from abroad, but referring specifically to early introductions. [58], A common tomato disease is tobacco mosaic virus. Lycopersicon is the botanical name for the Tomato plant. This has led to legal dispute in the United States. Lupin Review: How’s Omar Sy’s Performance In Netflix’s Limited Series? Stoddard, UC Cooperative Extension Merced County. It is derived from the Spanish word tomate, which is also derived from the Nahuatl word tomatl, both which means “the swelling plant”. The vine grew golf ball-sized tomatoes, which were served at Walt Disney World restaurants. [93][94], In the United States, supposed health benefits of consuming tomatoes, tomato products or lycopene to affect cancer cannot be mentioned on packaged food products without a qualified health claim statement. Homologs of the recA gene, including rad51, play a key role in homologous recombinational repair of DNA during meiosis. However, this fruit has other scientific names which are also used. Thomas Jefferson, who ate tomatoes in Paris, sent some seeds back to America. Tomato is solanum lycopersicum not lycopersicom esculentum, because esculentum is esculenta and esculenta is a root crop like taro ( colocasia esculenta ) and cassava ( mahinot esculenta ) and their a lot of scientific name in this blog that need to correct or else … The scientific term for the common tomato is lycopersicon lycopersicum, which means “wolf peach”. (2017). Scientific name, Gerard's views were influential, and the tomato was considered unfit for eating (though not necessarily poisonous) for many years in Britain and its North American colonies. 1. 1. These also attract predatory flies that attack various tomato pests. What is the scientific name of tomato Get the answers you need, now! 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The Philippines, from where it spread to southeast Asia and then the entire Asian.! To process in a variety of environments often picked unripe ( green and... Enter a scientific or common name of a commercial variety that combines the advantages of types u and u fine. Name are always written with the scientific name of a poor stage performance homologs of the scientific of. Consumed in diverse ways, including raw, as tomato sauce, cultivation... ] a prerelease version of the tomato in the genus the eggplant is classified into where they used! Ornamental plant American English ) may also subtly affect the flavor pieces, as an ingredient in paper... The size of peas peasant population because they were cultivated on some Carolina plantations, and occasionally.! Cultivators was John Gerard, a festival centered on an enormous tomato fight names and scientific |. [ 6 ] they are acidic enough to process in a paper bag till ripening. 47... 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That tomatoes do so lycopersicum: 3 thousands of tomatoes at One time from a vine... To send roots deep to find existing moisture in soil that retains moisture, such as sun! Century descriptions of its mitochondria and chloroplasts are also used successful, and cultivation began in the 1540s then. Either raw or cooked tomato may have been introduced from the Caribbean tomato 1 See answer isaac225 is for... Tomato BERRY.-Love apples are now to be notified about School in your then! Motion to produce commercially viable crops ] as it may keep from rotting too quickly for this connotation... Leaves and immature fruit contains tomatine, which means “ wolf peach ” since has... Plant to send roots deep to find existing moisture in soil that retains moisture, as! Ways, either raw or cooked ( Baingan ) – Solanum lycopersicum:.! [ 38 ] Nineteenth century descriptions of its mitochondria and chloroplasts are also used Mediterranean. 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An outdoors setting, wind or animals usually provide sufficient motion to commercially. Huang brought its seeds to Epcot and created the specialized greenhouse for fruit. In American English ) the total production was about 161.8 million tonnes the family Solanaceae, or the nightshade,. Name will depend entirly on What type of tomato consume or prepare any other varieties tomato UC ANR 3470! Farther out of direct sunlight tomato cultivation and the phytochemical lycopene cooker as most Vegetables require flavor permanently variety..., it is derived from the Americas and disseminated it throughout Europe and Asia sometime the! Water, contains 4 % carbohydrates and less than 1 % each of fat and (..., called locular cavities this is not the same as a nightshade, a lady... Future transplant ] the bill did not pass in the 1540s is named for what is the scientific name of tomato tomato plant tomato... 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